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Changes for Addy is the sixth book in the Addy series.


Only in Changes for Addy[]

Chapter by Chapter Summary[]

Chapter One: Pieces of a Puzzle[]

Chapter Two: A Missing Piece[]

Chapter Three: The Last Piece[]

Chapter Four: Together[]

Looking Back: Changes for America[]

Discusses the changes in society for African-Americans after the end of the Civil War and beyond, including the Harlem Renaissance and Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. Topics covered include:

  • The years following the end of the Civil War and attempts for Reconstruction to help restored the South and support newly freed African-Americans
  • Congress amending the Constitution to ensure new rights and official citizenship for all African Americans (though these rights were not enforced after Reconstruction was terminated).
  • The Freedman's Bureau, who set up schools in the South for former enslaved people and created colleges for Black students.
  • The passing of Black Codes and creation of Jim Crow in the South by Whites who wanted to keep Black people in an inferior position.
  • The practice of sharecropping that had Black people working on former plantations and farms raising crops for white landowners and expected to sell part of the crop back to them for use of the land.
  • How Northern Blacks were still subjected to segregation and lack of education and good jobs, despite not receiving as much violence as in the South.
  • Ida B. Wells, who wrote newspaper articles about lynchings and other forms of violence against Black people in the South during the late 1800s and early 1900s.
  • African Americans who fought for freedoms through their churches and organizations, such as the NAACP.
  • How people such as Daniel Hale Williams, Langston Hughes, Marian Anderson and Jackie Robinson each used their talents to break prejudice barriers.
  • Homer Plessy, whose decision to sit in a railroad car reserved for White people led to a law which made unequal segregated facilities illegal.
  • Thurgood Marshall, a lawyer who won a case which helped with the desegregation of all public places and schools (and later became a Supreme Court justice)
  • The events of the Civil Rights Movement, and the movement's continuation into future times.

Items associated with Changes for Addy[]

Book Covers[]


  • At the time of the book's publication, Addy's series was the only historical series that discussed black history including after the Reconstruction era, which was in the Looking Back section. This includes brief mentions of the Harlem Renaissance and Civil Rights movement of the 1960s. More details about these eras are now covered by Melody Ellison's and Claudie Wells' books.


  1. In the past tense.